Kidney Stones Are Not to Be Ignored

November 5, 2013 § Leave a comment

No matter how hard we try to keep healthy and prevent diseases sometimes this is not good enough. Some of them are genetic, some of them are airborne, some of them simply appear because our bodies need something to function properly and we do not know what or we do but we ignore it, such as water.

This liquid is of utmost importance for us taking into consideration that our bodies are between 60% and 80% water. What happens if our body does not get enough water? Well, it gets dehydrated and sick. Among the affections caused by the lack of sufficient amount of water is kidney stones.

kidney stones treatment

It’s not hard to figure out what kidney stones are. Taken by the name they are small, hard deposits from mineral and acid salts that form inside your kidneys causing pain and other annoying symptoms. But…why? Why do such ‘stones’ form in our kidneys?

Well although there is not a definite, single cause for kidney stones, there are some factors which you might want to keep in mind. These deposits form when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances than the fluid in your urine can dilute (calcium, oxalate and uric acid) or when your urine lacks substances which keep crystals from sticking together and this creates the proper environment for kidney stones to form.

types of kidney stones

 

Types of kidney stones

There are several types of kidney stones and determining which ones you have will help the medic prescribe the proper medication and also offer advice on how to reduce the risk of getting more kidney stones after the treatment.

  • Calcium stones – the most common ones, formed from calcium oxalate which we take from fruits, vegetables, nuts and chocolate. The liver also produces oxalate and the concentration of this substance can be increased by high doses of vitamin D, several metabolic disorders and intestinal bypass surgery
  • Struvite stones – form due to an infection (eg urinary tract infection). These stones can grow really fast and often they give little warning
  • Uric acid stones – these are the ones that form because you don’t drink enough fluids or if you lose too much fluid. Genetics can also increase the risk of forming this type of stones
  • Cystine stones – some types of hereditary disorders cause the kidneys to excrete too much amino acids (eg cystinuria)

Symptoms

So now you know why and what types of kidney stones there are, but…how can you find out if you have them. Well some of the symptoms can be quite misleading making you think of gynecological problems, food poisoning, urinary tract infection, flu or even pregnancy.

Kidney stones symptoms

  • Urinating more frequently than usual
  • Fever and chills
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain on urination
  • Pink, red or brown urine
  • Severe pain in the side and back
  • Pain in the lower abdomen and groin
  • Pain that comes in waves

If you have any of these symptoms go and see your doctor. You might have some stones messing with your kidneys. But do not worry. If you find them early enough drinking water, pain relievers and medical therapy will make you healthy again.

Ignore these symptoms and the stones will get bigger so that you will need to undergo sound waves therapy to break them in small pieces to be able to eliminate them. Shock wave lithotripsy is a procedure which uses strong vibrations to break the stones and lasts between 45 and 60 minutes. It’s not too pleasant to feel a concrete hammer-like machinery which will bruise your back and cause blood in the urine and around the kidney.

Keep ignoring the symptoms and you’ll skip the shock wave therapy and get directly to surgery either to remove very large stones or to kidney transplant due to chronic kidney disease or renal failure.  Not too pleasant right?

Studies show that 1 in every 20 people will develop a kidney stone in their lifetime. If you are one of them it depends on you whether you will get rid of it with minimum effort or if you’ll get on the list for renal transplant. Drink water, stay healthy!

 

Original Source: Kidney Stones Are Not to Be Ignored

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