July 26, 2014 § Leave a comment
It’s always hard to tell the difference between anxiety and heart attacks, since their physical symptoms can feel incredibly similar in individuals. It is very easy to confuse them and thus avoid getting the proper treatment and even save our lives if we are suffering a heart attack without being aware of it. There are certain signs that can give us a clue about these two diseases and let us know when we need to look for medical attention as soon as possible. Let’s review them!
While feeling anxious or stressed, your body reacts in order to protect you from the “immediate danger”. This situation can easily put an extra worry on your heart since you’re feeling vulnerable, under stress, or sense a demanding situation you cannot possibly deal with anymore. Feeling anxious is a normal reaction in humans, even if there is no immediate danger around you.
The problem then is not anxiety itself, but what it does to our bodies in the long term and when all these fears and reactions occur with no apparent reason. When anxiety becomes a setback in our lives and a panic attack occurs with no warning, usually triggered by a stressful event, the anxiety becomes constant and overwhelming, it interferes with your relationships and activities, you are no longer productive or functional and feel unable of managing your daily life.
- Constant tension or worrying
- Trouble concentrating at work or at school
- Feeling tense, nervousness and uncontrollable irrational fears
- Feeling in danger and watching for signs of danger
- Unmanageable and intrusive negative thoughts
- Constant state of tension, irritability, worrying about anything and everything
- Inability to rest properly
Besides the common symptoms, when anxiety has crossed the limit of normality, it becomes more than just a feeling and involves wide variety of physical symptoms. The most common physical symptoms of anxiety include:
- Palpitations & chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Stomach upset or dizziness
- Frequent urination or diarrhea
- Numbness of hands and feet
- Muscle tension or Trembling
- Headaches, fatigue and dizziness
- Vertigo and a feeling of fainting
- Elevated Heart Beat
Anxiety may easily give us the sensation that we’re about to die; we may become numb and unable to see what is happening to us. The best approach while feeling any of these symptoms is visiting a doctor, a health care professional that can guide us through this.
Understanding Heart Attacks
Heart attacks usually occur when a blood clot blocks one of the coronary arteries, then:
- A loss of blood supply and oxygen take place,
- A section of heart muscles happen to obstruct,
- Thus the heart can’t get enough oxygen or “fuel”,
- And finally the heart cells begin to die.
During a heart attack the person will experience many symptoms that can be confused with anxiety (panic) attacks and they may last for several hours or, it’s also likely that the person will feel no symptoms at all.
Heart attacks are a result of different coronary diseases. Some signs which show you may be having a heart attack are:
- Constant chest discomfort or pain,
- Shortness of breath,
- Faintness, nausea or lack of appetite,
- Stomach pain,
- Anxiety, feeling the sensation you’re having a panic attack
- Pain in upper body parts,
- Rapid or irregular pulse,
- Overall weakness.
What should I do if I feel these symptoms?
As you may have noticed, both conditions present very similar symptoms, reason why a quarter of all heart attack victims choose to ignore them and move on before reaching the hospital in a critical condition. What is recommended in these cases in order to avoid complications? Get prompt treatment and medical attention. Remember that you should not ignore the possible warning signs, nor wait till they go away; try to relax (if possible) and ask for assistance.
Both conditions can be treated, but whether you’re having a heart attack or anxiety attack symptoms always keep in mind that you can save your life or the life of your loved ones if you decide to be brave, take action and make a visit to the doctor.
Original Source: Difference Between Anxiety and Heart Attack
July 24, 2014 § Leave a comment
Obesity is mainly caused in many cases by bad eating habits. Obesity and stress lead to the onset of Diabetes Type 2, as researchers have seen, reducing the lifespan of the obese diabetic. But what if we could treat and prevent all these problems? Scientists and researchers have been analyzing and debating over the right course of action and the underlying causes to be addressed by decision makers to tackle diabetes type 2 in the obese. The solution is already available both for treatment and prevention. According to the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 there more than 2.1 billion overweight and obese in the world. What are we doing wrong?
Why obesity causes diabetes type2
Being overweight is stressful enough, you get your average mockery among friends and life is not any better on the street either. However the stress of obesity at a cellular level explains why the incidence of diabetes Type 2 is more prevalent in the obese.
Insulin helps cells to take up glucose from the bloodstream, storing it and convert it to energy for the body. According to Associate Professor Matthew Watt, leader of a research team at Monash University in Australia, in the obese individuals the liver and muscles become desensitized to insulin due to a protein secreted by fat cells. In an attempt to fix this problem, the cells being deprived of insulin – a message is sent to the pancreas to produce more insulin because the first batch didn’t get to the cells. Thus the pancreas goes into overdrive, eventually slowing down and stopping insulin production.
Two more researchers got to the same conclusion, yet with two other proteins: Resistin protein researched by Morris F. White, Ph.D., of the Joslin Diabetes Center in Boston, and Endoplasmic reticulum studied by Dr. Gokhan Hotamisligil, professor of genetics at the Harvard School of Public Health.
Psychological Stress of Obesity. Related to Cause of Diabetes Type 2
Even if still in its infancy, the study of stress connected to various diseases such as cancer and diabetes is very real. According to a 2010 study from the Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases (CoRPS) in the Netherlands, emotional stress and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus are linked.
The results suggest that not only depression and emotional stress are associated with an increased risk for the development of type 2 diabetes but also anxiety, sleeping problems, anger, and hostility.
Prevent Obesity and Diabetes with Brown Fat
Many obese diabetics or just the obese might say they get fat even from drinking water, yet the whole scientific community has done the math and came up with an amazing find that is unfortunately disregarded or just not reaching the ears of the ones who should take action. The major find was in the diet and lifestyle of the obese.
Even if each individual has a slightly different process (slower or faster) when it comes to digestion and storing fat, we usually adapt to the lifestyle and food that we have available and put on our tables.
It’s that simple – yet that hard! Nutritionists support the idea of eating foods that were grown in the area you live in. The food on the dinner table will differ if you live in New York, in Colombia, Kenya, Russia or Australia yet the same rules will apply:
If our homo sapiens ancestors processed the energy and fat from food that was locally grown (meat and vegetables) these can be the key to the proper functioning of our bodies as well. You can, however, indulge in an African dark chocolate or sushi and other not-local products from time to time, just bear in mind that processed food consumption has never been supported by specialists in nutrition.
Furthermore, the recent finding about the brown fat effect on the diminishing of white fat is gaining momentum. Scientists have shown that the two type of fat have separate functions: Brown fat generates heat by burning calories. White fat on the other hand is the result of the body’s mechanism of storing excess calories. Yet the miracle brown fat (currently under promising research) is also referred to as the ”good fat” because researchers say it might play a key role in keeping people fit. Since the first studies were published on the subject even if it sparked some controversies, the benefits of exercise to produce brown fat that in turn diminishing white fat are quite popular. Furthermore, obese individuals have less brown fat than fit people.
As far as the saturated fat is concerned– this compound of processed food has been mistakenly blamed for the extra white fat on our bodies for ages, while for the past ten years the researchers have debunked this myth – most processed foods contain both saturated fat and high carb levels thus all these combined factors are adding inches to the waist and thighs.
You too can live a longer and a happier life if you make a minimal effort to upgrade your fridge with healthy foods that are in sync with the area you live in. Gastric surgery and SGIT metabolic surgery are a last resort to tackle both obesity and diabetes but you needn’t let it get to that extreme point.
Share how Obesity and Diabetes Type 2 can be prevented and treated!
Original Source: Psychological Stress of Obesity Related to Cause of Diabetes Type 2
July 1, 2014 § Leave a comment
Antibiotics Resistance – A Threat for 21st Century
Health professionals are raising awareness and warn the population about a new major public health problem: the Antibiotics Resistance.
All over the world antibiotic resistance threatens public health leading to failed treatments and even death. Thousands of people die each year from antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections, threatening the achievements made in modern medicine. If not so long ago the main concern was to find efficient treatments and even cures for diseases such as cancer, HIV, tuberculosis, etc., now scientists focus on finding new antibiotics for common infections and minor injuries which kill without notice.
Being antibiotic resistant means that the standard treatment does not work, the hospital stay and illness are prolonged, infections become harder and even impossible to control and the risk of spreading he infection increases significantly.
What causes antibiotic resistance?
- Not completing the antibiotic treatment as prescribed by the doctor
- Not taking the antibiotics as prescribed at regular intervals
- Skipping some doses of antibiotics
- The prescription of broad-spectrum antibiotics when it is not needed
- The wrong selection on antibiotics and the period of the treatment
- Prescribing antibiotics when it is not needed
- The use of several antibiotics (such as penicillin and tetracycline) to promote growth in animals
What is to be done?
Since 1987 no new class of antibiotics has been discovered, mainly due to the fact that the financial return for any new antibiotic created was too low. The pharmaceutical industry and governments need to understand the necessity of developing new antibiotics to replace those which have lost their effectiveness and to encourage research and innovation of new infection treatment options, vaccines, diagnostics and other tools.
It is wrongly believed that our bodies are those which become resistant to drugs. In fact it is the microbes and bacteria that are becoming stronger, and therefore non-responsive to antibiotics. Antibiotics are effective in treating bacterial infections, but they are not efficient for viral infections such as a common cold, flu or sore throats.
Although in some cases the bacteria has became stronger and does not respond to antibiotics, in other cases it is our fault for developing antibiotic resistance. We can tackle resistance by following a few simple steps:
- Do not take antibiotics for viral infections (cold or flu)
- Do not take antibiotics prescribed for another patient
- Take the antibiotic exactly as prescribed
- Throw away any antibiotics left after you have finished the treatment
What statistics say
The World Health Organization 2014 report, regarding antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance, shows that antibiotic resistance is not a threat for the future, it is happening NOW. Minor injuries and common infections have started to kill and the world is heading towards a post antibiotic era.
Some countries have reported multiple cases with resistance to gonorrhea, which untreated, can lead to serious complications such as infertility, neonatal blindness and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Urinary tract infections caused by E-coli have started to resist the treatment with fluoroquinolones, the usual treatment for this affection.
Traditional antibiotics also lose their efficiency in treating: infections caused by the Staphlylococcus aureus and intestinal bacteria, tuberculosis, malaria, HIV, influenza, etc.
What policymakers, pharmacists, scientists and physicians should do
Original Source: Antibiotics Resistance – A Threat for 21st Century
March 5, 2014 § Leave a comment
Welcome to PlacidSolutions | Health Care Consultings | Medical Tourism Consulting!
Build your sustainable Medical Tourism organization!
- Differentiate yourself in this highly competitive medical tourism market
- Attract international patients based on unique selling proposition
- Increase your top line revenues and market share
- Optimize your business processes to improve bottom line results
- Create long term business sustainability
PlacidSolutions, a subsidiary of PlacidWay, is an international healthcare consulting firm focused on the business of healthcare organizations interested in promoting medical tourism.
We help our clients improve top line performance, enhance competitive position, and achieve the most productive organizational alignment among people, processes, and systems.
October 21, 2013 § Leave a comment
The health care system is an important part of each country’s quality and safety outcomes. A well-thought health care system means minimized effects of disease, injury and disability and also reduced premature death. After all, the main purpose of this system is to promote a healthier population, which implicitly will lead to social and economic stability due to increased productivity.
Trinidad and Tobago is a two-island country, located in the northern edge of South America, with a population of 1.4 million, from which around 50,000 residing in Tobago.
As the country was a British colony until 1962 and this has had a great impact on the region’s health care system. Currently, Trinidad and Tobago has a two-tier health care system, which means that both private and public health care facilities are available for the patients. The health sector is lead by the Ministry of Health and healthcare services are provided on a walk-in basis.
Factual data about Trinidad and Tobago
- Gross national income per capita – $ 24050
- Life expectancy – 66/75 years
- Total expenditure on health per capita – $ 1488
- Risk factors – Alcohol, Road traffic injuries, Tobacco
- Mortality and burden of disease – HIV, Tuberculosis, Noncommunicable diseases
*Data from World Health Organization
Health Care Programs in Trinidad and Tobago
The country’s government has recently implemented the Chronic Disease Assistance Programme (CDAP), which offers citizens free prescription drugs and other pharmaceutical products for the following health conditions:
Diabetes, Asthma, Cardiac Diseases, Arthritis, Glaucoma, Mental Depression, High Blood Pressure, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (Enlarged Prostate), Epilepsy, Hypercholesterolemia, Parkinson’s disease, Thyroid diseases.
Another health care program adopted by this country is the Health Sector Reform Programme, which was developed to strengthen the collaboration between the Ministry of Health (MoH), the health systems and the Regional Health Authorities (RHA). The program is aimed at:
- mobilizing financial resources within health sector
- increasing the interest in the Caribbean region regarding health-related issues
- improving medical facilities in the country
- bringing closer MoH, RHA and the health systems
Data shows that over the past years the health status of the population in Trinidad and Tobago has seen a significant progress and improvement, which is expected to extend over the next period.
Although the health care system in Trinidad and Tobago is continuously improving, consumers are still not fully satisfied with the services offered.
Customers’ complaints regarding the health sector
- Declining capacity to meet increasing demand for personal health services
- Lack of funding for new programs such as accident prevention, non-communicable disease or environmental protection
- Public providers have been held responsible for decreasing the volume and the quality of the services or for shifting work to the private sector
- The staff in the public health sector is seen as lazy and unfriendly, due to increased levels of demotivation and absenteeism
- Out-of-pocket expenditures for the prescribed drugs and diagnostic tests are rising
All these issues force patients seek medical treatments in other countries such as US, Colombia, Venezuela and other regions.
Colombia plans to become a world leader in health tourism by 2032 and the country has already began to make the necessary changes to achieve this target. It plans to attract numerous medical tourists from various countries, including Trinidad and Tobago. Patients coming from this country seeking medical treatment are offered professional and high quality procedures at 40% less than in the US.
There is no flawless health care system as there is always room for improvement, but the only way to create an almost perfect system is to be careful to the consumers’ needs. Medical tourism plays an important role in any country’s economy and to attract patients from other countries one has to offer professional and world-class medical care at affordable prices.
October 8, 2013 § Leave a comment
IVF is the fertilization process that requires the removal of some eggs from your ovaries and later to be mixed with sperm in a laboratory dish. Fertilization actually takes place in this particular laboratory dish (“in vitro” is the Latin expression of “in glass”). The first “test-tube” baby, following IVF procedure, was born in 1978 and thousands of babies followed.
October 2, 2013 § Leave a comment
Liposculpture and liposuction sound similar, and are both cosmetic plastic surgery procedures, although they define vastly different procedures with a common result; a more slender yet defined profile and reduction of fatty or bulgy areas on the body.
Liposculpture is the definition of a variety of different cosmetic or plastic surgery procedures. In most cases, liposculpture is defined as a very refined technique of liposuction procedures that enables surgeons to “sculpt” certain areas of the body with precision.
Not only does liposculpture literally suck out fat from the area, but using certain techniques such as lasers or ultrasound, are able to melt fat first, producing more precise and smoother results.
Laser liposculpture, for example, gives a cosmetic surgeon the ability to redefine skin tissues and therefore, body contour. As with liposuction, a number of methods or techniques are available, and some work better on a specific body area than others.
It’s important to talk to a cosmetic or plastic surgeon about goals regarding outcome so that he or she may choose the best method or technique to help you meet those goals.
Liposuction is defined as a plastic surgery procedure that literally sucks out or removes excessive fat deposits from a particular area of the body. Also known as lipoplasty, the procedure often removes unwanted bulges of fat from the lower abdominal region, the buttocks, the thighs, and the back of the arms.
Liposuction helps to literally reshape proportions and profile by removing excessively fatty deposits. An individual who exercises regularly and still deals with stubborn fatty areas is a good candidate for this type of procedure.
Which is right for me?
Neither procedure is recommended as an option for weight loss or as a substitution for an adequate diet. Liposuction is not designed to remove cellulite or reduce the appearance of sagging or loose skin.
Actually, liposuction is recommended only on individuals who are within approximately 30% of their ideal weight. Numerous types of liposuction are available, and discussions with a plastic surgeon will determine which method is most beneficial to your case.
What does it cost?
In the United States, liposuction and liposculpture average approximately $3,000-$7,000 per area treated, but the costs can vary widely, and don’t include costs for anesthesia, surgical facilities, or other expenses.
For example, liposuction on the outer thighs can cost anywhere between $1,600 and $5,000. Costs are also determined by the size of the patient, and the amount of time required for the procedure. Individuals may also need to figure in prescription medications, medical testing, and postsurgical garments.
Choosing a surgeon
When choosing a surgeon for liposculpture or liposuction procedures, ensure that he or she is a board-certified plastic surgeon for that procedure. A number of cosmetic or plastic surgeons are also active members of international plastic surgery organizations, depending on their country of origin.
Source: Liposculpture vs Liposuction?